Север как фактор конструирования национальной идентичности в современной исторической прозе: Невольники чести А.Кердана и Постижен

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In our article, we are going to look at two historical novels written by well-known authors, winners of many literary awards – Alexander Kerdan’s Slaves to Honour (2000) and Rudi Wiebe’s Discovery of Strangers (1995). Comparing the novels, we will
  СЕВЕР КАК ФАКТОР КОНСТРУИРОВАНИЯ НАЦИОНАЛЬНОЙ ИДЕНТИЧНОСТИ В СОВРЕМЕННОЙ ИСТОРИЧЕСКОЙ ПРОЗЕ:  НЕВОЛЬНИКИ ЧЕСТИ А.КЕРДАНА И  ПОСТИЖЕНИЕ ЧУЖЕСТРАНЦЕВ  Р.ВИБА 1   О.А.Федосюк In our article, we are going to look at two historical novels written by well-known authors, winners of many literary awards – Alexander Kerdan’s  Slaves to Honour (!!!" and #udi $iebe’s  Discovery of Strangers (%&&'" )om*aring the novels, we will examine the way  both writers a**roach the +orthern ex*lorations two centuries after the events took *lace, and re*resent the +orth as an im*ortant factor contributing to constructing national identity ./ 012/, 3413567 389/:55;< 82268326= 1 >213= >3:3165 ?I? 1 >2393:@/8 >261:/8B 156./56 4312.55;< 2C446< 6 /5/946< /5D:37E;F5;< 23./564831, F= >39<39  G86. 1/@5;. 43H;867. 382/@/8 648326F46= 6 4363-C:B8C25;= 683D >23J9J6< 483:86= 26 G83. 3>;8 3413567 012/, 235482C62C.;= 1 648326F43= >23E, E/F/48CL >2948/1:78 658245;= ./826/: 9:7 644:931/567 >23H:.; 69586F53486 012 1 M34466 82/9663553 4F68/:47 2C4433H2/ECLN6. O/8323. M3446=46= >46<3:3D PQ R23.;3 >6J8 1 413= 56D S08;6-TU SV2C44348B 1 M34466, .53D35/635/:B5/7 23446=4348B 5/ 12/E6=46< >234832/< 14D9/ H;:/ 417E/5/ 4 341356. G482./:B53D3 012/ 6 >3482356. @6E56 5/ 012 MC44/7 616:6E/6355348B 13483F53D3 <26486/543D3 (>2/134:/153D3" 3H279/ 34531/5/ 5/ >/44635/253. >23916@566 5/ 012,  23. 01253D3 W931683D3 3/5/T  X/5/946 644:931/8:6 /5/:3D6F53 2/44./8261/L8 S4125348BT 413= 482/5; / 3965 6E 345315;< 3.>355831 5/635/:B53D3 .6233NCN567Y 341356 012/, 1 38323. /86153 CF/486 >2656./:6 H268/546 >213>23<39;, E/:3@6:3 34531C 5/635/:B53D3 </2/82/, 48/:3 413D3 239/ OC59/.583. 9:7 482C8C26231/567 /5/943= 69586F53486 X/5/946= :682/8C2319 Z226:: R2=4, /1832 3953= 6E 5/6H3: OC59/.58/:B5;< .353D2/O6= >3 9/553= >23H:. >39 5/E1/56. SX/5/9/ 6 697 012/T, O/86F46 5/F65/8 413 644:931/56 4 C812@9567 3 83., F83 S012 6 D3 4/F33H2/E53 2/E1686 48/:6 1/@5;.6 O/832/.6, 3>29:7LN6.6 O32.6231/56 /5/943= 69586F53486 [83 5 E5/F68, F83 012 71:7847 2J/LN6. 6:6 единственным  (C2461 /1832/" O/8323. 1 9/553. >2344Y G83 3E5/F/8, F83 /5/94/7 69586F5348B, 5/635/:B5/7 6:6 2D635/:B5/7, 14D9/ 3>29:7:/4B 6 2>2E586231/:/4B / 4125/7T \  ]C@53 38.868B, F83 82/831/ 3413567 012/ 1 648326F43= 5/C 6 648326F43= >23E 3H6< 482/5 E/.853 6E.56:/4B 1 >34:956 94786:867 >39 1:6756. E5/F68:B5;< 4363-C:B8C25;< 4916D31, 3D9/ 1 O3C4 156./567 3/E/:64B 8/6 >23H:.;, / 3:356E/67 012/ 6 4:3@5; 1E/6.33853J567 .@9C 6.>26= 6 3:356= %   Q 34531C 48/8B6 >3:3@5 93:/9 5/ F8;25/9/83= .@9C5/23953= 35O2566 SM34467 6 ^/>/9U 96/:3D C:B8C2T _341/, _R` 6. _QW3.353431/, 537H2B !%% D    #U htt*Ummk-missionruoint%%html \   Grace S.  )anada and the Idea of the +orth ontreal and Kingston, !!    Q >348431843= M34466 341356 MC443= .266 >2948/8 5 8/6. 859563E5;. 6 696::6F46. >23443., / 1 431846 12.5/ /9.6 ]] 3:<31686531 1 >2964:3166  >213.C 83.C Sj483266 MC443= .266T E/.F/8, F83 2C44/7 3:356E/67 .266 ./:3 F. 38:6F/:/4B 38 /5D:6=43=, 64>/543= 6:6 O2/5CE43=   31956 659=46< >:.5, >3912D/1J6<47 5/46:6L 6 G4>:C/8/66, 8/@ H;:3 9/:6. 38 69/:B53D3Q X/5/9 1 G86 94786:867 >2393:@/847 >2344 93:356E/66, 38.F55;= 482.:56. F8F 343E5/8B 23:B Q:63H268/566 1 6483266 482/5;, 53H<396.348BL >26E5/8B 3255; 5/239;, 8<, 83 2/5BJ H;: CD585 6 96426.656231/5, >21;.6 5/67.6 /6. 3H2/E3., 964C24 – >348431846= 1 M34466 6 >348-3:356/:B5;= 1 X/5/9 – 1  2/./< 38323D3 HC98 3H4C@9/8B47 >23H:./ 69586F53486 1 9/553= 48/8B, 46:B53  2/E:6F/847 0Q]j M`00X _MjXj j X]0XR 0QMQ /F481 ./826/:/ 9:7 5/JD3 43>348/168:B53D3 /5/:6E/ .; 1;H2/:6 23./5; S]13:B566 F486T (!!!" 23446=43D3 >64/8:7 :4/592/ X29/5/ 6 S3486@56 FC@482/51T (%&&" /5/943D3 >23E/6/ MC96 Q6H/ H/ /1832/ 644:9CL8 1 4136< >236E19567< 1/@5; 6 14B./ 53953E5/F5; 648326F46 43H;867:4/592 3264316F X29/5 (239 1 %&'p D", 23446=46= >3G8, >23E/6 6 G44648, @61CN6= 1 /8265HC2D, 6E1485 4136. D:CH36. 658243.  23446=43= 6483266 D3 >2C >265/9:@/8 23./5; S2D 389/:55;=T (!!'", S]13:B566 F486T (!!", SX248 3./5932/T (!%!" X29/5 – :/C2/8 .53D6< 23446=46< 6 .@9C5/2395;< >2.6=Y 1 !%! D 35 >3:CF6: S3:BJCL >2.6L M34466T E/ 23./5; S2D 389/:55;=T 6 SX248 3./5932/T M3./5 S]13:B566 F486T, E/ 3832;= X29/5C 1 !!! D H;:/ >264C@95/ >2.67 /1:/ /@31/, 4348368 6E 91C< F/48=U >21/7 >31481C8 3 2C443= 3:3566 5/ :74 1 5/F/: ?Iq 1, / 1832/7 – 3 >C8J48166 D2/O/ M7E/531/ 1 %p&&-%!' DD 5/ :74C 4 654>6= 3:356= 6 1 >356L 4 >343:B43= .6446= Q %p D 2C446 1:/9567 1 :74, H32BH/ E/ 3832; 48/:/ 4392@/56. 23./5/, H;:6 >239/5; /246. >2/168:B4813.MC96 Q6H (239 1 %&\ D", /5/946= /5D:37E;F5;= >23E/6, 8/@ .53D32/853 3H2/N/:47  6483266 X/5/9; 1 23./5/< S_62 2/E2CJ68 .53D6<T (%&", SR3:CH; D32; X68/7T (%&p!", S03H:/E5; 3:BJ3D3 _9197T (%&p\", S0C./4J9J6= 82/>>2T (%&!" 6 92CD6< 1/@9; :/C2/8 D:/153= :682/8C253= >2.66 X/5/9; >2.66 R52/:-DCH25/832/ (1 %&p\ 6 %&& DD", MC96 Q6H >3:CF6: 1 !!p D >2.6L /2:BE/ =:32/ E/ 134>3.65/567 3 413= @6E56 S >:38B 38 >:386 G83= E.:6U 984813 ./:BF6/-.53568/ 1 8/=DT M/44./8261/.;= 5/.6 23./5 S3486@56 FC@482/51T - 35 1;J: 1 %&& D 6 H;: C934835 >2.66 R52/:-DCH25/832/ 1 83. @ D39C - >3417N5 >213= /286F43= G4>9666 H268/543D3 >213>23<39/ @35/ 2/5:65/ 1 %%&-% DD :BL     Б!"витинв #.#. 2964:316  j483267 MC443= .266 (%p\-%p"Y 1 \-< 88U 8% 4531/56 MC443= .266 (%p\-%p&&"  81 29  #.#.Б!"витинв. _341/, %&&p 0 %!   G4>9666 H;:3 644:931/56 41253D3 >3H2@B7 X/5/9; 1 2/./< H3: 2C>53D3 >238/ >36431 0123-^/>/953D3 >23<39/ ?387 2/5:65/ 1 268/566 148286:6 / D237, G83 >C8J4816 4F68/847 2/=5 5C9/F5;.U 2/5:65 6 D3 3./59/ 4C.:6 5/5486 5/ /28C .53D6 56E1485; 26 6 3E2/, 53 6E-E/ 82C95348= 6 :6J56= 356 H;:6 1;5C@95; >3125C8B 3H2/853, >23=97 14D3 !! 6:3.8231 9655/9/8B F:531 G4>9666 6E 91/9/86 C.2:6, / 348/:B5;< 4>/4:6 659=; >:.56 =::3C5/=O M3./5 MQ6H/ 134>236E13968 8C F/48B G4>9666 2/5:65/, 3832/7 >23<396:/ 193:B 2C4:/  26 X3>>2./=5 j_Mj vs XW]jX/ 6E14853, >35786 5/635/:B53= 69586F53486 >29>3:/D/8 343E5/56 83@9481553486 413= 5/66, >265786  648326F43D3 3>;8/ .26/546= >3:683:3D 08615 ZC:B./5, 6E1485;= 4136.6 644:931/567.6 >3 69586F53486, >392/E9:78 5/635/:B5CL 69586F5348B 5/ D2/@9/54CL, C:B8C25CL 6 G856F4CLY 1 >35786 D2/@9/543= 69586F53486 1<3968 >2617E/55348B  3HJ= 822683266, D2/@9/54813, >2612@55348B 3>29:553= 4648. >3:686F46< >2656>31 6:6 693:3D66, C1/@56  >3:686F46. 654868C8/. 6 3H:/9/56 2/15;.6 >3:686F46.6 >2/1/.6, @:/56 H;8B F/48BL 5/66 '  X/ 53832; 6E G86< >35786= 82/8CL847 1  23./5/< X29/5/ 6 Q6H/ X29/5 264C8 M3446L .3N53= 6.>26=, 482.7N=47 2/4J6268B 4136 D2/56; E/ 4F8 531;< 82268326= 956. 6E >2371:56= G83= 6.>243= >3:6866 716:34B 341356 MC443= :746 6 X/.F/86, D9 6 >2364<3968 9=4816 23./5/ ]C@53 4/E/8B, F83 23446=46= /1832 9/8 82E1CL 35C 43483756L 2C446< 3:356= 5/ :74 ]/ 2C446< >34:51, @61CN6< 1 O32>348/< :746, >34837553 5/>/9/L8 659=;, 3832; D2/H78, >39@6D/L8 93./, CD357L8 438 (1 4/.3. 5/F/: 23./5/ S]13:B566 F486T X29/5 3>64;1/8 5/>/956 659=1 >:.56 468/ 5/ >34:56 2</5D:B43" F16953, 9:7 C2>:567 3:3566 53H<396.; 429481/ 6 >3992@/, 3832; >2/168:B4813 M3446=43= 6.>266 5 4>J68 >29348/168B ]4.3827 5/ 82C953 >3:3@56 3:356=, 53832; >2435/@6 23./5/ – D2/O ME/531, 962832 MC443-.26/543= 3.>/566 C:9/31, 34531/8:B 2C446< 3:356= 1 .26 Z:<31 – >3:5348BL >3992@61/L8 G4>/546L M34466, 2/8CL8 E/ 2/4J6256  /.26/546< 1:/956= R2/O ME/531 CH@95, F83 SV .3DCN4813 :LH3= 92@/1; 3>29:7847 5 3956. >2341N56. 6 832D31:=, 53 6 >23482/548155;. 2/E./<3.T   ME/531 .F8/8 3 SM34466 – .3DCF= 6 5432CJ6.3= 92@/1, 3:344, 4837N. 5/ 91C< H2D/< Q:63D3 3/5/, 38323.C 5 482/J5; 56/6 3246/5; 1 D52/:B46< .C5962/<TY 3 12.56, 3D9/ SM34467 4/./ HC98 3>29:78B 648326F46 4C9BH; .62/T p  Q47 978:B5348B C>3.75C8;< 1;J >2435/@= 1 23./5 5/>2/1:5/ 5/ 83, F83H; 439=48131/8B G4>/5466 95/3 92CD6 >2435/@6 23./5/, 5/>26.2, .656482 653482/55;< 9: D2/O MC.751, 1;48C>/L8 >23861 2/4J62567 3:356= 6 >29348/1:567 6. 93>3:568:B53= >3.3N6 ]/ E/49/566 /635231 MC443-.26/543= 3.>/566 MC.751 38:356: >23J56 M7E/531/ 3 2/4J62566 3:356= '  #U htt*Uwwwcolumbiaeduitcournalismstilleolitics all !!p     $е%д&н '. ]13:B566 F486 _, !! 0 ! p  Ibid 0 !p \\  95/3 :433H2/E5348B 4392@/567 3:356= 1 23./5 5 >3912D/847 43.5567. Q>3:5 3F16953, F83 :4/592 X29/5 E/56./8 />3:3D86F4CL >3E66L >3 3853J56L  6.>243= 69, 38323=, 43H481553, 6 >23565C8 23./5, 1;71:7LN6= 6.>24348B / 1/@5CL 4348/1:7LNCL 2C443= 69586F53486 Q 582 >3148131/567 23./5/ MC96 Q6H/ 8/@ 341356 4125;< E.:B – X/5/9/ 1 5/F/: qIq 1, / 6E14853, >3912D/:/4B 658546153= 3:356E/66 268/543= 6.>26=, /8616E6231/1J=, 1 F/4853486, >3646 0123-^/>/953D3 >23<39/ 1 E6L   X/ .; C@ 38.F/:6 1;J, 23./5 S3486@56 FC@482/51T 5/>64/5 1 2C4: 83D3 >3483:356/:B53D3 964C24/, 3832;= >23<3968 1 482/5 >26H:6E68:B53 4 5/F/:/ '!-< DD >23J:3D3 1/ Q G838 >2639 5/ 4.5C 8E64/ D34>39481/ /5D:34/43543D3 G8534/ 6 C:B8C2; >26J:/ 531/7 >/2/96D./ G856F43D3 6 C:B8C253D3 .53D33H2/E67 3G83.C <387 D:/15;. 4L@833H2/ECLN6. 43H;86. 23./5/ Q6H/ 71:7847 395/ 6E G4>966= H268/51 >39 5/F/:3. @35/ 2/5:65/ (%!-%% DD", /58; 1 >3148131/566 4.N/L847 1 483235C 3>64/567 >238613H32481CLN= H268/5/. 46:; - 659=1, 648655;< <3E71 G83= E.:6, 3832;. 389/53 5 .5BJ, /, .3@8 H;8B, 6 H3:BJ <C93@481553D3 >23482/5481/ ./ 1E/6.33853J56= 32553D3 5/4:567 6 SFC@482/51T, 6:6 3:356E62C.;< 6 3:356E/83231, 3/E;1/847 :LF13= 1 23./5268/5; >3/E/5; 1 23./5 5 83:B3 F2E <C93@48155;= 5/22/861, 53 6 4 >3.3NBL 93C.5831 - 382;131 6E 9515631 6 >64. 93832/ @35/ M6F/29435/ 6 32/H:B53D3 D/29./265/ M3H28/ ?C9/ :5; G4>9666 >2948/L8 53468:7.6 6.>243D3 43E5/567 6 6486553 H268/546< /F481 – 9646>:65;, >3279/, 1;92@6, 4CH32965/66Y 356 5643:B3 5 43.51/L847, F83 6< 978:B5348B 53H<396./ 6.>266 6 356 93:@5; 4:C@68B = 03H481553, H:/D39/27 G86. /F481/. F8;2. H268/546. 3O62/. 6 3953.C ./8234C (8/31 H;: 4348/1 G4>9666 193:B 2C4:/ 26 X3>>2./=5" C9/1/:34B C92@61/8B 1:/48B 5/9 348/:B5;.6 F:5/.6 G4>9666 - 91/9/8BL /5/946.6 137@2/.6 - 6 >3992@61/8B >26.:.; 3853J567 4 659=/.6 >:.56 =::3C5/=O H2/E 2C313968:7 G4>9666 :=85/58/ 2/5:65/ 1;92@/5 1 83= :682/8C253= 82/9666, 3832CL Z226:: R2=4 /5/:6E62C8 1 48/8B S^/5313 6E3H28/7 2/5:65/T &  Q 8/3= 6582>28/66 3H2/E 2/5:65/ 46.13:6E62C8 S/5D:6=4CL 69586F5348B 6 6.>26/:6E.T %! , <387, 5C@53 >26E5/8B, 35 :6J5 93D./86E./ 6 F2E.253= 1:/4853486 2/5:65 6 92CD6 H268/5; 385347847  659=/. / 56EJ= 2/4, 5/E;1/7 6< >26.68615;. 6 S966. 5/2393., :L9B.6, 3832; 563D9/ >2@9 5 169:6 /5D:6F/565/ V 6 5 E5/L8, F83 8/3 2/H38/T %%  X/5/946 137@2; 1 :3. 1;E;1/L8 C H268/51 H3:BJ C1/@567, 53 6 G86 .864; 5 .3DC8 42/1568B47 4 >2948/168:7.6 268/543= 6.>266Y 32/H:B5;= D/29./265 @329@ / E/.F/8U SV56 3965 /5/9 5 .3@8 392@/8B 12< 5/9 H268/5.T %  Q.48 4 8. H268/5; 1 6E3H2/@566 /5/943D3 23./5648/ >3:5; 2J6.3486 C48/53168B 96/:3D 4 /H326D5/.6Y F:5; G4>9666 563D9/ 5 >2<3978 F28C 1 4136< 3853J567< 4 659=/.6 2>6.348B 6 <:/9532316, C.56 93D31/261/8B47 1 4/.;< 4:3@5;< 468C/67< >3.3D/L8 >2948/168:7. 6.>266 1;@61/8B 6 93H61/8B47 413D3 WLH3>;853, F83 3H2/E; H268/51 13E56/L8 6 1 23./5 :4/592/ X29/5/ – G83 ./8234 0.68 6 />68/5 /2H2, 6E3H2/@55; / 3871:55; E:396 6 CH6=;, 53 5     (&ни!в ).*.  j483267 X/5/9; _, !! 0 &   Grace S. + e-inventing ranklin  zranscultural zravels %&&, {ol %%  p- %!  Ibid  p' %%   ,ie-e +. A |iscovery of }trangers zoronto, %&&  p %  Ibid '   / 125; 43:9/8; 6.>266 0.68 <:/95323153 2/4482:61/8 2C446< 3:3564831, 3D9/ 659=; 5/>/9/L8 5/ 3965 6E O32>34831 M34466Y />68/5 /2H2 3H./5;1/8 659=1, 3832;< >3E95 CH61/L8 >3 D3 >26/EC [ _ ^_WH/ /1832/ 5 69/:6E62CL8 659=1, >3/E/55;< 123:3.5;.6 6 55/9@5;.6 >/2852/.6, 3832;. 5:BE7 931278B, 395/3 G83, >3@/:C=, 965481553 4<394813 /5/:6E62C.;< 23./531 H326D5; 1 S]13:B56/< F486T 3NCN/L847 432 / 56EH@53 E:3, 4 3832;.  2C446 3:35648; 1;5C@95; >34837553 48/:61/8B47Y .3861/67 >319567 659=1 5 65824C8 23446=43D3 /1832/, >29>3F68/LND3 23./586F4CL 1246L 6E3H2/@567 /H326D531 :6568; 6:6 3:3J6 – >2948/168:6 G83D3 >:.56 O6DC262CL8 1 23./5 – 1 3453153. 3<387847 E/ 4/:B>/.6 6 H2C8 3:3564831 1 2/H4813 Q 82/831 659=43= 8.; :4/592 X29/5 8/@ 4:9C8 6.>243= 69 56EH@53486 >39F65567 /H326D531 3:356E/832/. Q 23./5 /5/943D3 >64/8:7 8./ 32553D3 5/4:567 2/E161/847 1 4312J553 653. :LF, 8/ / MC96 Q6H 1 2/./< >3483:356/:B53D3 964C24/ 4342938/F61/847, D:/15;. 3H2/E3., 5/ 83., /CL 2/6L 1;E;1/8 C 659=1 1832@56 FC@482/51 1 6< E.:6 3 4C86, 434CN48131/56 H268/51 6 659=1 5/ 4125;< E.:7<, >265/9:@/N6< /H326D5/., 1;:61/847 1 483:53156 4312J553 2/E5;< 616:6E/6=, C:B8C2, .6O3:3D6= 6 69586F5348= 268/5; 16978 >29 43H3= :L9=, 3832; 5 >356./L8, F83 8/3 95BD6 6 43H48155348BY C 659=1 /H43:L853 92CD/7 O6:343O67 @6E56 6 553486, 356 65/F 385347847  >26239 WLH3>;853, F83 /5/946= 23./5 5/4;N5 5 83:B3 659=46.6 :D59/.6, 53 6 – 1 >24/E 48/26/ X4/22/ – H6H:=46. 4L@83. 3H 9/. 6 1, 3832;= 3965 6E F:531 G4>9666 2/44/E/: 659=C X3D9/ 48/26 5/F65/8 1 413= 6582>28/66 >24/E;1/8B G838 4L@8 413= @5 6 93F27., 356 134>2656./L8 D3 4 H3:BJ6. 6EC.:56.j59=; >;8/L847 34.;4:68B, F83 548 6. >26J4816 FC@482/51, :L9=, 3832; 56FD3 5 E5/L8 3H G86< E.: 6 = 5 >265/9:@/8 ./ E.:6 – 5C.3:6.3=, >22/453=, 8/65481553= - 6, J62, >26239; – 3953 6E 582/:B5;< >35786= 23./5/Y 659=; @61C8 4 3NCN56. 83D3, F83 G8/ E.:7 >265/9:@68 6. >3:5348BL [8C .;4:B 3E1CF61/8 3965 6E >2139F631 G4>9666, /5/946= 137@2U S/ V 356 9C./L8, G83 .37 E.:7, 7 69C C9/ <3FCT %\  356./7, F83 6< @6E5B C@ 5 HC98 >2@5= >34: >371:567 5/ 012 H268/51, 659=; >29FC1481CL8 C82/8C 4136< >2/1 5/ G8C E.:L 6 433818481553 C82/8C 413= 5/635/:B53= 69586F53486 3D9/ 1 9C< 413= O6:343O66 356 >26E;1/L8 46:; >26239; 383.4868B H268/5/. ]/ 13>234 413D3  239481556/ 3 83., F83 @ .3@53 49:/8B 4 FC@482/5/.6, X4/22/, 3965 6E D:/15;< 659=46< >2435/@= 23./5/, 381F/8U S 9C./L VG83 93:@5/ 49:/8B E.:7 _; 93:@5; >39482368B 8/, F83H; >2@9, F. 356 C2/9C8 5/4 14<, E.:7 >3D:386:/ H; 6<T %  %\  Ibid  !' %  Ibid  & ''
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