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  Edited by: Predrag Cvetičanin Ana Birešev SOCIAL AND CULTURAL CAPITAL IN WESTERN BALKAN SOCIETIES  C󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁲󰁥 󰁦󰁯󰁲 E󰁭󰁰󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁣󰁡󰁬 C󰁵󰁬󰁴󰁵󰁲󰁡󰁬 S󰁴󰁵󰁤󰁩󰁥󰁳 󰁯󰁦 S󰁯󰁵󰁴󰁨-E󰁡󰁳󰁴 E󰁵󰁲󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁩󰁮󰁳󰁴󰁩󰁴󰁵󰁴󰁥 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁰󰁨󰁩󰁬󰁯󰁳󰁯󰁰󰁨󰁹 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁳󰁯󰁣󰁩󰁡󰁬 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁯󰁲󰁹 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁵󰁮󰁩󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁹 󰁯󰁦 󰁢󰁥󰁬󰁧󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁥 All rights reservedPublished in 󰀲󰀰󰀱󰀲. Reviewers Inga Tomić-Koludrović, PhD Eric Gordy, PhD Stef Jansen, Ph.D Graphic design Ivan Stojić󰀳󰀰󰀰 copiesPrinted in Serbia by Sven, NišJune 󰀲󰀰󰀱󰀲.  Prepared within the framework of the Regional Research Promotion Pro- gramme in theWestern Balkans (RRPP), which is run by the University of  Fribourg upon a mandateof the Swiss Agency for Development and Coopera- tion, SDC, Federal Department ofForeign Affairs. The views expressed in the papers are those of the authors and do notnecessarily represent opinions of the SDC and the University of Fribourg.  Contents Introduction: Editors’ note .....................................󰀵 Suzana Ignjatović, Institute of Social Sciences, University of Belgrade Notion of social capital in academic dispute and in public policy ....󰀱󰀱 Smiljka omanović, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade Significance and meaning of expressive and instrumental social capital for young people from different social strata ........󰀲󰀹  Mirjana Bobić, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade  Applying the concept of social capital in understanding marriage and family in contemporary Serbia ...................󰀴󰀱 Slobodan Miladinović, Faculty of Organizational Sciences, University of Belgrade Two Faces of Social Capital in Structural Trends: Bonding and Bridging ........................................󰀵󰀹 Jelisaveta Vukelić and Irena Petrović, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade Social capital as basis for collective action – the case of environmental activism in two towns in Serbia ........󰀷󰀵  Natalija Žunić, Faculty of Law, and Danijela Gavrilović, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Niš “Bonding, bridging and linking” – women’s networks as a source of social capital ...................󰀹󰀱  Marta Kołczyńska, PhD Studies at the Graduate School for Social Research, Polish Academy of Sciences Trust in democratic institutions in the Western Balkans .........󰀱󰀰󰀷 Danijela Gavrilović and Miloš Jovanović, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Niš Trust and legitimation: the case of Serbia ......................󰀱󰀳󰀳 Ivana Spasić, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade and  Ana Birešev, Institute for Philosophy and Social Teory, University of Belgrade e State as the Great Classifier ..............................󰀱󰀴󰀵  Višnja Kisić, PhD candidate at the Chair for Museology and Heritology, Faculty of Philosophy, Belgrade Generation of physical, human, economic, social and cultural capital through museum based volunteer programs: the case of National Museum, Belgrade ........................󰀱󰀶󰀱 Predrag Cvetičanin, Center for Empirical Cultural Studies of South-East Europe, Niš, Jasmina Nedeljković, Faculty of Legal and Business Studies, Novi Sad, and  Nemanja Krstić, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Niš Constructing a cultural map of Serbia .........................󰀱󰀸󰀱  Introduction e volume “Social and Cultural Capital in Western Balkan Societies” came into being as part of the project which the Centre for Empirical Cultural Studies of Southeast Europe has been realizing within the Regional Re- search Promotion Programme in the Western Balkans (RRPP) for the past two years. It represents a first attempt to involve other researchers into a discussion of the topic which was the object of our study. Our project could be viewed as the application, in general terms, of the Bourdieusian model to the study of transition and social stratification in the transitional period in Serbia (and wider in the Western Balkans region) – something similar to what Eyal, Szelényi, and Townsley did for Eastern and Central Europe in their work “Making Capitalism without Capitalists” (󰀱󰀹󰀹󰀸). To be taken into account, of course, are the differences in histori-cal and social circumstances under which transition is taking place in the Western Balkans region, which have led to different assumptions and dif-ferent results in relation to their study. However, what is common to these studies is the conception of multidi-mensional social structure, in which, in addition to economic, social and cultural capital play an important role in establishing and maintaining social inequalities. Such a perspective also makes possible the application of the same theoretical model in the study of Western Balkan societies since the pre-socialist period, through the socialist period and in the post-socialist period. In this web of intaractive factors (capitals), what has changed over the course of history is the “dominant principle of domination”. at is, change has occurred in the relative value of particular resources (economic, political, social, cultural capital) which has been followed by transformation of the institutional system through which the results of social struggles have been institutionalized. e post-socialist period in Western Balkan societies has brought a new appraisal of economic capital and the struggle of proponents of political and political social capital, on the one hand, and global cultural capital, on the other, for dominance in society. Precisely this struggle between the proponents of the key resources of the order disappearing (political capital and political social capital) and of the order coming into being (global cultural capital) represents the focus of our analysis. rough it we follow the relationship between social and cultural capital in various domains: in everyday life, in institutional arenas, ultimately to the testing of hypotheses on the crucial action of the  Bildungbürgertum  (intellectual bourgeois) or political capitalism in transitional societies.
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