Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea) from Serra da Jibóia, Bahia State, Brazil

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Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea) from Serra da Jibóia, Bahia State, Brazil
   ISSN 1983-0572 Publicação do Projeto Entomologistas do Brasil www.ebras.bio.br  www.periodico.ebras.bio.br Btteries (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea) from Serra da Jibóia, Bahia State, Brazil Thamara Zacca  , Freddy Bravo & Maíra X. Araújo 1. Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana, BA, e-mail: thamara_bio.uefs@yahoo.com.br (Autor para correspondência  ); fbravo@uefs.br, mah.biology@gmail.com  _____________________________________ EntomoBrasilis 4 (3): 139-143 (2011)    C   O   M   U   N   I   C   A   Ç    Ã   O   C   I   E   N   T    Í   F   I   C   A  Abstract.  A list of species of butteries from Serra da Jibóia, a mountainous massif in the Recôncavo of Bahia State, is presented based on specimens deposited in the entomological collection Prof. Johann Becker of Museu de Zoologia da Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana (MZUEFS), results that should contribute with the increment of biodiversity knowledge of the buttery fauna of the State. The list includes 140 species, 86 of which are new records to Bahia and a new species of genus of  Perophthalma  Westwood (Riodinidae). Nymphalidae was the richest family with 60 species. Most of the species listed in the present work has a widely geographic distribution in Brazil and occur in open areas. Keyords:  Atlantic Rainforest; Checklist; Lepidoptera; Reconcave of Bahia State. Borboletas (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea e Hesperioidea) da Serra da Jibóia, Bahia, Brasil Resmo. Uma lista das espécies de borboletas da Serra da Jibóia, um maciço montanhoso no Recôncavo baiano, é apresentada com base no exame da coleção entomológica Prof. Johann Becker do Museu de Zoologia da Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana (MZUEFS), visando contribuir para o conhecimento da fauna de borboletas do estado da Bahia. A lista inclui 140 espécies, das quais 86 espécies são novos registros para o estado da Bahia e uma nova espécie do gênero of  Perophthalma  Westwood (Riodinidae). Nymphalidae foi a família de maior riqueza com 60 espécies. A maioria das espécies listadas possui ampla distribuição geográca no Brasil e ocorre em áreas abertas. Palavras-chave:  Lepidoptera; lista de espécies; Mata Atlântica; Recôncavo baiano.  _____________________________________ L epidoptera is a megadiverse insects order with forty-seven superfamilies and more than 160,000 species described throughout the world ( K  RISTENSEN   et al.  2007). According L  AMAS  (2004) and  W   AHLBERG   et al.  (2005), the butteries are classied in two superfamilies (Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea) and six families (Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae, Lycaenidae, Riodinidae and Hesperiidae). There are approximately 7,784  buttery species known from the Neotropical region ( L  AMAS   2004), and 3,268 of them have been recorded in Brazil ( B ROWN  & F REITAS  1999).  There are few lists of species to lepidopteran fauna in the Northeastern of Brazil, a geopolitical region that is poor inventoried to this order ( C  ARNEIRO   et al.  2008). Lists of species are considered to be of importance for biodiversity and conservation. The rst list of butteries in Northeastern Brazil was prepared  by B  ATES  (1867) based on species of Maranhão State, deposited in the private collection of Thomas Belt. More than one hundred  years after, other works have been published to Maranhão ( G  ARCIA    et al.  1990), Ceará State ( R  OCHA   1908, 1936, 1954; S ILVA   1967), Paraíba State, Rio Grande do Norte State and Pernambuco State ( C  ARVALHO  & F REITAS  1939; C  ARVALHO  & C  ARVALHO  1941; C  ARVALHO  & F REITAS  1960; D’  ALMEIDA   1935; K  ESSELRING  & E BERT  1979; N OBRE   et al.  2008) and Alagoas State ( C  ARDOSO  1949)  In the Bahia State, one of the nine states of the Northeastern region, are known only two inventories of  butteries, one of them from Ilha de Itaparica ( M  AY   1924) and the other one in the Metropolitan Park of Pituaçu, Salvador (  V   ASCONCELOS   et al.  2009). Futhermore, Z  ACCA   (2009) presents a list of butteries deposited on entomological collection Prof. Johann Becker of Museu de Zoologia da Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana from the semiarid region from Bahia. The objective of this work was to prepare a list of species of Serra da Jibóia based on exemplars deposited Entomological Collection Prof. Johann Becker of Museu de Zoologia da Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana (MZUEFS), to contribute to the knowledge of the butteries fauna from Bahia. Serra da Jibóia is a complex of low hills at altitudes  between 600 and 840 m covering about 22.000 ha in six municipalities, Santa Terezinha, Castro Alves, Elísio Medrado,  Varzedo, São Miguel das Matas e Laje Bahia ( N EVES  2005). These low mountains mark the northern limit of the coastal mountains of southern Bahia ( S OBRINHO  & Q UEIROZ  2005), running in a north-south direction and is covered by different vegetational types, with montane Atlantic forest as predominant vegetation, however, in northern areas the vegetation presents a transition  between Semideciduous forests and Caatinga vegetation ( F REITAS  & M ORAES  2009) The average annual temperature of Serra da Jibóia is 21ºC, with approximately 1,200 mm/year of total rainfall (varying according to the altitude and geographical exposure). Rainfall is generally concentrated between the months of April and July ( N EVES  2005). The species were identied based in specialized  bibliographies ( D’A  BRERA   1981, 1984, 1987 a,b , 1988, 1994, 1995; B ROWN  JR. 1992; U EHARA  -P RADO   et al.  2004), as well by consulting specialists (see acknowledgments). Nomenclature was updated according to L  AMAS   (2004). Inventories and species lists of the  butteries ( L  AMAS  2004; M  AY   1924; V   ASCONCELOS   et al.  2009; Z  ACCA    2009) were consulted to dene new occurrences for Bahia. Were examined 557 specimens and identied 140  Butteries (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea) from Serra da...Zacca et al. 140 species (Table 1). Nymphalidae was the richest family with 60 species (42%), followed by Hesperiidae 39 (28%), Lycaenidae 14 (10%), Pieridae 12 (9%), Riodinidae 12 (9%), and Papilionidae 3 (2%). Most species are common in open areas of the Atlantic Rainforest and have wide geographical distributions in Brazil. Eighty six new species records of butteries were recorded from Bahia (marked with asterisks Table 1). It is important to note the skipper Ouleus fridericus candangus  Mielke, 1968, considered endemic of Cerrado vegetation, with occurrences in Goiás State and the Federal District ( M IELKE   et al.  2008), was recorded in Serra da Jibóia and, thus, the distribution of this subspecies was increased to northeastern Brazil and to the Atlantic Rainforest of Bahia.  Another important record was the discovery of a new species of  Perophthalma  Westwood, 1951 (Riodinidae). This genus is only known from Mexico to the Brazilian Amazon (Pará State) ( S  AVELA   2009) and from Cerrado vegetation in the Brazilian State of Minas Gerais ( M OTTA   2002). The record of a new species of  Perophthalma  increased the range of distribution of this genus to northeastern Brazil. This species is currently being described.The discovery of a new species and the large number of new records as presented here is due to the fact that the fauna of  butteries from Bahia has been poorly sampled, therefore there is few works that makes reports for this state. Table 1. List of species of butteries from Serra da Jibóia deposited in the entomological collection Prof. Johann Becker of Museu de Zoologia da Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana (MZUEFS). * ne occrrences to Bahia. Taxon TaxonPAPILIONIDAE (3) Theritas triquetra  (Hewitson, 1865)* Papilioninae   RIODINIDAE (12)Troidini Eselasiinae  Battus p. polydamas  (Linnaeus, 1758)  EselasiiniPapilionini  Euselasia m. melaphaea  (Hübner, 1823)*  Heraclides androgeus laodocus (Fabricius, 1793)*Euselasia  sp.  Heraclides thoas brasiliensis  (Rotschild & Jordan, 1906) RiodininaePIERIDAE (12) ErybiiniColiadinae  Eurybia h. halimede (Hübner, [1807])*  Anteos clorinde  (Godart, [1824]) Helicopini  Eurema a. albula  (Cramer, 1775)  Sarota chrysus (Stoll, 1781)*  Eurema elathea avescens  (Chavannes, 1850)  Mesosemiini  Eurema phiale paula  (Röber, 1909)*  Mesosemiina  Leucidia elvina  (Godart, 1819)*  Leucochimona icare matatha (Hewitson, 1873)*  Phoebis a. argante  (Fabricius, 1775)  Perophthalma sp.  Phoebis p. philea (Linnaeus, 1763) Voltinia phryxe (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)*  Phoebis sennae marcellina  (Cramer, 1777)  Nymphidiini  Pyrisitia l. leuce  (Boisduval, 1836)  Juditha molpe (Hübner, [1808])*  Pyrisitia nise tenella  (Boisduval, 1836)*  Synargis sp. Pierinae Riodinini  Ascia monuste orseis (Godart, 1819) Calydna venusta morio Stichel, 1929*Glutophrissa d. drusilla (Cramer, 1777)  Echydna chaseba (Hewitson, 1854)* LYCAENIDAE (14)  Panara jarbas (Drury, 1782)* Polyommatinae Symmachiini  Hemiargus hanno (Stoll, 1790)  Pirascca sagaris satnius (Dalman, 1823)*  Leptotes c. cassius  (Cramer, 1775)  NYMPHALIDAE (60)Theclinae BiblidinaeEmaeini Biblidini Calycopis atnius  (Herrich-Schäffer, [1853])*  Biblis hyperia nectanabis (Fruhstorfer, 1909) Calycopis sp. Catonephele a. acontius (Linnaeus, 1771)* Gorgina sp.  Dynamine a. agacles (Dalman, 1823)*  Lamprospilus badaca (Hewitson, 1868)*  Dynamine i. ines (Godart, [1824])*  Rekoa palegon (Cramer, 1780)*  Hamadryas a. amphinome  (Linnaeus, 1767)  Strymon astiocha (Prittwitz, 1865)*  Hamadryas chloe rhea  (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  Strymon bazochii (Godart, [1824])*  Mestra dorcas hypermnestra Hübner, [1825]  Strymon bubastus  (Stoll, 1780)*  Nica f. avilla (Godart, [1824])*  Strymon mulucha (Hewitson, 1867)*  Cyrestini  Strymon rufofusca (Hewitson, 1877)  Marpesia chiron marius (Cramer, 1779) Theritas hemon (Cramer, 1775)*  Setembro - Dezembro 2011 - www.periodico.ebras.bio.br EntomoBrasilis 4(3) 141 Taxon TaxonCharaxinae Opsiphanes invirae pseudophilon  Fruhstorfer, 1907  A  rchaeoprepona amphimachus pseudomeander  (Fruhstorfer, 1906)*  MorphiniDanainae  Antirrhea archaea Hübner, [1822]* Danaini  Morpho anaxibia (Esper, [1801])*  Lycoria halia discreta  Haensch, 1909  Morpho e. epistrophus  (Fabricius, 1796)* Ithomiinae  Morpho helenor achillaena (Hübner, [1823])* Dircennini Nymphalinae  Episcada h. hymenaea (Prittwitz, 1865)*  KalliminiGodyridini  Anartia j. jatropha e (Linnaeus, 1763)  Pseudoscada a. acilla (Hewitson, 1867)*  Junonia evarete  (Cramer, 1779) Ithomiini  Siproeta stelenes meridionalis  (Fruhstorfer, 1909)  Ithomia agnosia zikani d’Almeida, 1940  MelitaeiniMechanitini Tegosa claudina  (Eschscholtz, 1821)*  Mechanitis l. lysimnia (Fabricius, 1793)  Nymphalini  Scada reckia (Hübner, [1808])* Vanessa myrinna  (Doubleday, 1849)* Melinaeini Satyrinae  Melinaea ludovica paraiya Reakirt, 1866*  HaeteriniNapeogenini  Pierella nereis  (Drury, 1782)*  Hypothyris euclea laphria (Doubleday, 1847)  Pierella lamia  ssp. Oleriini Satyrini Oleria aquata (Weymer, 1875)* Cissia terrestris  (Butler, 1867)* Tithoreini  Euptychoides castrensis  (Schaus, 1902)*  Aeria o. olena  Weymer, 1875 Godartiana byses  (Godart, [1824])* Heliconiinae  Hermeuptychia hermes  (Fabricius, 1775)  Acraeini  Pareuptychia ocirrhoe  (Fabricius, 1776)  Actinote thalia pyrrha  (Fabricius, 1775)*  Pseudodebis euptychidia  (Butler, 1868)*  Argynnini Taygetis laches  (Fabricius, 1793)*  Euptoieta h. hegesia (Cramer, 1779)* Yphthimoides angularis (Butler, 1867)* Heliconiini Yphthimoides renata  (Stoll, 1780)*  Agraulis vanillae maculosa (Stichel, [1908]) HESPERIIDAE (39)  Dione j. juno (Cramer, 1779)  Hesperiinae  Dryas i. alcionea  (Cramer, 1779) Callimormus corus  Bell, 1941*  Eueides aliphera  (Godart, 1819) Cobalopsis nero  (Herrich-Schäffer, 1869)*  Eueides isabella dianassa  (Hübner, [1806]) Cymaenes idria Evans, 1955*  Heliconius erato phyllis  (Fabricius, 1775) Cymaenes trinpuctus theogenis (Capronnier, 1874)*  Heliconius ethilla narcaea  (Godart, 1819) Cymaenes sp.  Heliconius sara apseudes  (Hübner, [1813])*  Damas clavus (Herrich-Schäffer, 1869)*  Philaethria wernickei   (Röber, 1906)  Hylephila p. phyleus (Drury, 1773) Libytheinae  Justinia j. justinianus (Latrielle, [1824]) *  Libytheana c. carinenta (Cramer, 1777)Mnasitheus ritans (Schaus, 1902)* Limenitidinae  Panoquina lucas (Fabricius, 1793)* Limenitidini  Paracarystus m. menestries (Latrielle, [1824])*  Adelpha cocala didia  Fruhstorfer, 1915* Vettius artona  (Hewitson, 1868)*  Adelpha l. lycorias (Godart, [1824])* Vettius lafrenaye (Latreille, [1824])*  Adelpha m. melona  (Hewitson, 1847)* Wallengrenia otho curassavica (Snellen, 1887)*  Adelpha p. plesaure Hübner, 1823*  PyrginaeMorphinae EdaminiBrassolini  Aguna a. asander  (Hewitson, 1867)* Caligo b. brasiliensis  (C. Felder, 1862)  Astraptes  sp. Table 1. Continued...  Butteries (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea) from Serra da...Zacca et al. 142 Taxon Taxon Caligo i. illioneus (Cramer, 1775)  Autochton itylus  Hübner, 1823*  Autochton zarex   (Hübner, 1818) Gorgytion plautia  (Möschler, 1877)*  Epargyreus e. exadeus (Cramer, 1779)*  Heliopetes alana  (Reakirt, 1868)* Urbanus chalco (Hübner, 1823)*  Heliopetes a. arsalte  (Linnaeus, 1758) Urbanus d. dorantes (Stoll, 1790)*  Heliopetes omrina  (Butler, 1870)* Urbanus doryssus albicuspis  (Herrich-Schäffer, 1869)*  Nisoniades macarius  (Herrich-Schäffer, 1870)* Urbanus p. proteus  (Linnaeus, 1758)* Ouleus frideriucus candangus  Mielke, 1968* Urbanus simplicius  (Stoll, 1790)  Pyrgus orcus  (Stoll, 1780)* Urbanus teleus  (Hübner, 1821) Timochares t. trifasciat  a (Hewitson, 1868)* Urbanus virescens  (Mabille, 1877)* Trina g. geometrina  (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)* Pyrgini Viola violella  (Mabille, 1898)*  Anastrus sempiternus simplicior  (Möschler, 1877)*  Pyrrhopyginae Gesta gesta  (Herrich-Schäffer, 1863)*  Pyrrhopyge thericles rileyi Bell, 1931*  ACKNOwLEDGMENTS  We thanks to Dr. Olaf H. H. Mielke (UFPR), Dr.  André V. L. Freitas (Unicamp), Dr. Alfred Moser (UFRGS), Dr. Robert K. Robbins (Smithsonian Institution), Dr. Jason Hall (Smithsonian Institution), Dr. Marcelo Duarte (MZUSP), Dr. Patrick Blandin (Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, France), Dr. Lucas Kaminski (Unicamp) and MSc. Carlos Eduardo Nobre (UFPE) for their help in the identication of butteries; to Dr. Eraldo Medeiros da Costa Neto (UEFS), project coordinator of Entomological Inventory in the Serra da Jibóia and Dr. Sergio  Andena for his suggestions and comments; to colleagues of the  Laboratório de Sistemática de Insetos  and  Laboratório de  Entomologia  of UEFS for assistance in eldwork or improving results. We also thanks to Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado da Bahia (FAPESB) to nancial support for this research (APR 0176/2008) and Programa de Pesquisa em Biodiversidade do Semi-árido (503285/2009-9) LITERATuRE Bates, H.W., 1867. On a collection of butteries formed by Thomas Belt, Esq., in the interior of the province of Maranham, Brazil. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 5: 535-546.Brown Jr., K.S., 1992. Borboletas da Serra do Japi: Diversidade, habitats, recursos alimentares e variação temporal, p. 142-187. In: Morellato, L.P.C. (Ed.). História natural da Serra do Japi: Ecologia e preservação de uma área orestal no sudeste do Brasil. FAPESP, Campinas. Brown Jr., K. S. & A.V.L. Freitas, 1999. Lepidoptera, p. 225-245. In: Brandão, C.R.F. & E.M. Cancello (Eds.). Biodiversidade do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Invertebrados Terrestres. FAPESP, São Paulo.Cardoso, A. 1949. Lepidópteros de Alagoas. Revista de Entomologia, 20: 427-436.Carneiro, E.S., O.H.H. Mielke. & M.M. 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Synergistic effects of combining morphological and molecular data in resolving the phylogeny of butteries and skippers. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 272: 1577-1586.Zacca, T. 2009. Espécies de borboletas (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea e Hesperioidea) da Coleção Entomológica Prof. Johann Becker do Museu de Zoologia da Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brasil. Sitientibus Série Ciências Biológicas, 9: 165-173.Recebido em: 08/02/2011 Aceito em: 16/05/2011************* Como citar este artigo: Zacca, T. F. Bravo & M.X. Araújo, 2011. Butteries (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea) from Serra da Jibóia, Bahia State, Brazil. EntomoBrasilis, 4(3): 139-143.  www.periodico.ebras.bio.br/ojs Aponte a câmera do celular, que possua leitor de QRCode, para acessar o artigo
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We need your sign to support Project to invent "SMART AND CONTROLLABLE REFLECTIVE BALLOONS" to cover the Sun and Save Our Earth.

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We are very appreciated for your Prompt Action!

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