aprendizaje autonomo

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Self- Directed Learning Estudiante: Brigith Guzman Jimenez Lic. Lia Montalvo Programa: lic. En lenguas Extranjeras Universidad de Sucre Sincelejo sucre 2014 1 writes…
Self- Directed Learning Estudiante: Brigith Guzman Jimenez Lic. Lia Montalvo Programa: lic. En lenguas Extranjeras Universidad de Sucre Sincelejo sucre 2014 1 writes the concept of SDL Self-directed learning is seen as any study form in which individuals have primary responsibility for planning, implementing, and even evaluating the effort 2 Can you mention 5 characteristics or things related with this learning? (a) Individual learners can become empowered to take increasingly more responsibility for various decisions associated with the learning endeavor. (b) Self-direction is best viewed as a continuum or characteristic that exists to some degree in every person and learning situation. (c) Self-direction does not necessarily mean all learning will take place in isolation from others (d) Self-directed learners appear able to transfer learning, in terms of both knowledge and study skill, from one situation to another; (e) Self-directed study can involve various activities and resources, such as self-guided reading, participation in study groups, internships, electronic dialogues, and reflective writing activities 3 Explain how SDL is viewed as a continuum We will gradually develop with practice and improved over time will 4 Which of the activities involved in this learning are new for you in your learning? Internships and electronic daialoques 5 How the role of the teacher is different from the teachers you used to have at school? Securing resources 6 How educational institutions are supporting SDL? Some educational institutions are finding ways to support self-directed study through open-learning programs, individualized study options, non-traditional course offerings, and other innovative programs. 7 How Greek philosophers practiced SDL? They use thid like a form to improve her knowledge 8 Why did social conditions in Colonial America promote the practice of SDL? Lack of institutions and Lack of economic resources For this reason they came to be autonomous learner 9 Mention 8 SDL researchers Craik, Houle, Smiles, Tough, Spear , Mocker, Knowles, Guglielmino Brockett 10 According to Houle, what is the orientation of a real self-directed learner? Learning-oriented, who perceive of learning as an end in itself. It is this latter group that resembles the self-directed learner identified in subsequent research. 11 How did Knowles call Self-directed learning? Andragogy, with corresponding adult instructional processes. 12 Mention the 5 Knowles SDL assumptions (a) Self-directed learning assumes that humans grow in capacity and need to be selfdirecting; (b) Learners' experiences are rich resources for learning; (c) Individuals learn what is required to perform their evolving life tasks; (d) An adult's natural orientation is task or problem-centered learning; (e) Self-directed learners are motivated by various internal incentives, such as need for self-esteem, curiosity, desire to achieve, and satisfaction of accomplishment. 13 What was Guglielmino’s contribution to SDL? She developed the Self-Directed Learning Readiness Scale (SDLRS), an instrument subsequently used by many researchers to measure self-directed readiness or to compare various self-directed learning aspects with numerous characteristics. Spear and Mocker's (1984) work on organizing circumstances showed how important it is to understand a learner's environmental circumstances in promoting self-directed learning. 14 What was Spear and Mocker’s new idea for SDL? Spear and Mocker's (1984) work on organizing circumstances showed how important it is to understand a learner's environmental circumstances in promoting self-directed learning. 15 What did Tough observe in adults about learning projects and planned learning? Tough's (1979) research on people engaged in learning projects involved obtaining information on "a series of related episodes, adding up to at least seven hours" where "more than half of the person's total motivation is to gain and retain certain fairly clear knowledge and skill, or to produce some other lasting change" 16 Do you consider this finding true in Colombia? Explain} No, because actually the adult don´t worry abaut their knowledge 17 Which are the aspect that Chene considered important in SDL? Researcher, suggests autonomy stands for psychological and methodological learning dimensions 18 What is the concept of Autodidaxy according to Candy? He proposes autodidaxy as a term for referring to self-instruction which takes place outside of formal institutional settings. 19 Why the practice of Self-education or SDL increases in adults? For the potential possibilities of the personality are extremely great, and the formed world outlook . . . will make it possible to develop one's abilities more successfully, systematically and comprehensively 20 Write Ruvinsky saying about self-education Anyone who does not engage in self-education, voluntarily or not, lags behind the demands of the time. Ruvinsky also describes several Russians who engage in selfeducation. 21 What is open learning study? Open learning - individualized study often is associated with external degree, open learning, or non-traditional programs where most learning takes place outside formal classrooms. 22 Is open learning study similar to distance education? If you are not sure, search for information in internet homework 23 Mention the 5 Confessores and Confessore’s findings Several instruments for measuring some self-directed learning aspect have been developed; (b) Self-directed learning readiness has been associated with a various performance, psychological, and social variables. (c) a majority of self-directed learning research efforts have been qualitative in nature. (d) practice implications and techniques for facilitating self-directed learning are being devised. (e) a coherent self-directed learning theory is still not available. 24 According to Brockett and Hiemstra, what does PRO consist on? The PRO (Personal Responsibility Orientation) model. This model recognizes both differences and similarities between self-directed learning as an instructional method and learner self-direction as a set of personality characteristics. 25 Explain the idea above with a concrete example People can not control over all personal life circumstances or environmental conditions, but they can control how they respond to situations. 26. According to Brocket and Hiemstra, mention the 4 activities in an instructional process As an instructional process centering on such activites as assessing need, securing learning resouces, implementing activotes and evaluating learning 27. Mention now the 4 personality characteristics of a successful SD learner To fully understnd self-directed learning activity the interface exixting between individual learners, any facilitator or learning resouce, and appropriate social dimension must be recognized 28. From this reading “Formal education and schooling remain highly valued in most societies, and many educators, employers, policy-makers, and average citizens find it difficult to place high value on what is learned on your own or outside the formal system”. How and why can this way of thinking be changed? 29. Find the most relevant biographical data and photographs of 5 theorists included in this reading
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